Would you like to visit the Roman Forum in Rome? All tips and tickets for visiting the Roman excavations of the Roman Forum and the adjacent Palatine Hill.
Info & tickets Roman Forum & Palatinate
|address||The Roman Forum has two entrances: Via della Salara Vecchia, 5/6 and Via di San Gregorio. You can also visit the Roman Forum via the Palatine Hill.|
|metro||Stop Colosseo (Line B)|
Tip: The Rome Tourist Card is a combined ticket for all tickets you need for your city trip to Rome (including Colosseum, Roman Forum, St. Peter, Hop-on Hop-off Bus, Sistine Chapel).
|Attention||No food or drinks are sold in the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill. There are faucets available that you can use to refill water bottles. Please note that your visit can easily take a few hours.|
Roman Forum or ‘Forum Romanum’
The excavations of the center of the Roman Empire at the foot of the Capitol did not begin until the 19th century. During the reign of Emperor Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD), ancient Rome was home to over a million Romans, and the Roman Forum was the political, legal, and religious center of the Roman Empire.
During your visit you will stroll along the many ruins of the Roman Forum. Unfortunately, many buildings were damaged by earthquakes and looting after the 7th century, but also by the construction of palaces and churches such as St. Peter’s Basilica. However, the excavations can still tell a great deal about the history of the Roman Empire, and a trip to Rome would not be complete without a visit to the Roman Forum.
You can reach the Roman Forum via the About Sacra, the oldest and most famous street in Rome. The name “Holy Road” is derived from the many temples and other holy places that lined this road. Examples are the round Temple of Vesta, the Temple of Saturn, the Basilica of Maxentius and the official residences of the Pontifex Maximus, the Arch of Septimus Severus and the Rex Sacrorum. You’ll also see the remains of arches, speaker’s platform, market halls, and more.
Our favorite experiences in Trastevere & Rome here.
Tip: The Capitoline Hill offers a wonderful view of the Roman Forum and give you a good overview of the whole. It even has nice lighting at night.
History of the Roman Forum
By the 7th century BC The area between the hills of the Capitol, the Palatinate and the Esquiline was a large swamp. It was used as a cemetery at that time, but only after the 7th century BC. The swamp was drained when the sewer system of the Cloaca Maxima was built.
The Temple of Saturn and the Temple of Dioscuri were part of the first settlement there. During the 2nd century BC the development of the forum accelerated after the power of the Roman Empire in the Mediterranean area continued to grow. From 54 BC In addition to the Roman Forum, the so-called imperial forums (Fora Imperiali) emerged to preserve their fame for eternity. The most famous forums, some of which are still covered by nearby buildings, are:
- Forum of Caesar (Foro di Caesare) with the Temple of Venus Genetrix. Tip: In the evenings there is a special multimedia show in the Caesar Forum. It tells a story from the life of Julius Caesar with visual effects and sounds.
- Forum of Augustus (Foro di Augusto) with the temple of Mars Ultor, god of war. Tip: A special multimedia show will also take place in the Forum des Augustus. It tells a story about ancient Rome with visual effects and sounds.
- Vespasian Forum with the Temple of Peace
- Trajan’s Forum, the most impressive forum
The Palatine is one of the seven hills of Rome. In the 9th century BC It became a residential area in which later important Romans like Cicero, Crassus, Augustus and Tiberius lived. This last emperor secured the 43 meter high hill’s reputation as an imperial residence. According to legend, Rome was founded in 753 BC. Founded by Romulus on the Palatine Hill.
Today the Palatine Hill is an important archaeological park connected to the Roman Forum. In the center of the Palatinate Hill are the impressive buildings of Emperor Domitian (Domus Augustana) and the gardens of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese from the 16th century. The Antiquarium is also located on the Palatine Hill. This museum contains models of the first settlements and archaeological finds.